Avola and Cavagrande del Cassibile reserve
AVOLA AND ITS HISTORY ...
During the long dominion of the Aragonese (1282-1516), Avola also underwent various events, transforming in 1361 from a state property to a feudal land under the Baron Orlando of Aragon. However, it will be in the Habsburg-Spanish period (1516 - 1700) that the city became marquisate in 1542. With Carlo D'Aragona, it will see its greatest economic-urbanistic and cultural development. The ancient city was destroyed by the earthquake of 1693 after which it was rebuilt in the warm and fertile plain downstream, in a happy position with respect to the trap, the trappeto and the communication routes. The architect Angelo Italia, a Jesuit friar, was given the task of secreting the site, designing and placing the urban layout of the city destroyed by the earthquake, by Prince Nicolò Pigantelli Aragona Certes, marquis of Avola and Duke of Terranova flies. Municipality of the extreme edge of Eastern Sicily in the province of Syracuse, it is located in the narrow coastal plain that separates the southern slopes of the Iblei of the Ionian-Mediterranean coast of Sicily, and can be reached along the ss. 115. A thriving city in the sector in the agricultural sector, with citrus groves, almond groves and vineyards and in the service sector, such as to be considered among the richest in the province of Syracuse, it has combined its name with world-renowned agricultural products such as the prized " Pizzuta almond "and the" Nero D'Avola "grape variety. u designed a hexagonal plan with an orthagonal road network, isolated with internal courtyards, two main roads ten meters wide and oriented exactly with respect to the North; at their intersection the main square square, at their vertices four rectangular squares. The design has been an overhang of wonder and amazement by many travelers and scholars. A global vision of the planimetric layout is given by an engraving commissioned in 1756 by Giuseppe Guttadauro, poet and writer, published in 1757 by Vito Amico.
Cavagrande del Cassibile reserve
On the Avola plateau a visit to the remains of the ancient city is a must, where the ruins and numerous cave dwellings that line the road are visible. A few kilometers north, on the Avola Antica road there is the belvedere from which you can enjoy a vast panorama; you can admire the sea and, during very clear days in the area, you can admire the top of the Etna volcano. From here you can enjoy a beautiful view of the Cava Grande Canyon, an oriented natural reserve, rich in landscape, anthropological, hydrological, archaeological and speleological features with the imposing limestone walls and peak on the valley floor, from a height of 507 meters right in the stretch where the river reaches its maximum depth and maximum width of 1200 meters. In this impressive crack of the planking, where it is possible to find aromatic plants such as Silvia and Timo and admire numerous species of wild orchids, the Cassibile river continues to erode the rock with its beautiful crystal clear waters, forming the so-called potholes of the giants, the little ones and deep emerald ponds, reachable by following a path immersed in the typical Mediterranean greenery. Nature reserve, established in March 1984, recognized area of naturalistic and scientific interest and subjected to environmental protection in 1990, is one of the largest canyons in Europe. The best place to start visiting the Reserve is the Avola Antica viewpoint.
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